And where? Each Kalpa in the series are distinctly identified by different names. 423-424, by Edwin Bryant. 100 such years of "Brahma" is called as a "Maha-Kalpa". In 6th century BC Greece, this knowledge is used to predict eclipses. 3000-1600 BCE: The earliest of Hindu practices form their roots with the rise of the Indus Valley civilization in northern Indian sub-continent around 2500 BCE. pancha bhoota or 5 great elements) and their associated senses and sense organs that manifest:[19][20][21][a], The different states of matter are guided by eternal kala (time), which repeats general events ranging from a moment to the lifespan of the universe, which is cyclically created and destroyed. Whence was it produced? - Rig Veda hymns composed c. 800 – 500 B.C. This contrasts with previous non-dualistic Vedanta ideologies that suggest humans should aspire to unite with the gods. The Hindu timeline is considered by some to be the closest to modern scientific timelines.It suggests that the Big Bang is not the beginning of everything, but is just the start of a present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes and to … Only He who is its overseer in highest heaven knows, Our universe is described as the smallest with a Brahma of only four heads. Perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not; Living entities are born in many universes, like mosquitoes in many udumbara (cluster fig) fruits. There are innumerable universes besides this one, and although they are unlimitedly large, they move about like atoms in You. The Basis:Time. How old is the universe, and how did it begin? Manifested subtle elements:[16][17][18][a], Manifested physical (gross) elements (a.k.a. by Ryan Turner 03/04/11. In 1833, slavery was abolished in British Commonwealth countries. It is always all in all things, which are contained as particles in it. The lack of unifying overall religious authority and the total absence of a book claiming supreme truth and dogmas have contributed to the diversity of Hinduism as well. Perhaps it formed itself, or perhaps it did not; I am not posing an awkward question for you fathers; I ask you, poets, only to find out? Hinduism is often labelled as a religion, but it is actually more than that: it is a vast and complex socio-religious body which, in a way, reflects the complexity of Indian society. Only He knows, or perhaps He does not know. According to Hindu scriptures like Vedas and Puranas and various mythologies, the universe as we know it is destined to pass through four great epochs. maha-yuga), each lasting 4.32 million years and divided into four yugas (dharmic ages): Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga, of which we are currently in Kali Yuga lasting 432,000 years. The gunas in their manifest state of matter, cover the jivas in various ways based on each jiva's karma and impressions. Note: The following dates with c. in front of them are rough estimates. That which, becoming, by the void was covered; [52] The Puranas genre of Indian literature, found in Hinduism and Jainism, contain a section on cosmology and cosmogony as a requirement. Teun Goudriaan (2008), Maya: Divine And Human, Motilal Banarsidass. Some are similar to Indo-European creation myths, while others are novel. This material covering of matter allows the jivas to interact with the material sense objects that make up the material universe, such as their temporary material bodies, other conscious bodies, and unconscious objects. [29][30][31], The material creation is called maya ("that which is not") due to its impermanent (non-eternal), temporary nature of sometimes being manifest and sometimes not. Because You are unlimited, neither the lords of heaven nor even You Yourself can ever reach the end of Your glories. Composition begins on The Vedas. Whether God's will created it, or whether He was mute; The countless universes, each enveloped in its shell, are compelled by the wheel of time to wander within You, like particles of dust blowing about in the sky. Combining 12 such "Months of Brahma", one year of Brahma is formed. Maha Kaali is the fiercest of all goddesses of Hinduism. Hence for Hindus, every element of this universe can serve as a window to the divine. Who can declare it? Hindu cosmology is the description of the universe and its states of matter, cycles within time, physical structure, and effects on living entities according to Hindu texts. The Hindu cosmology and timeline is the closest to modern scientific timelines and even more which might indicate that the Big Bang is not the beginning of everything,but just the start of the present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes and to be followed by another infinite number of universes. Hinduism is not only a religion but also a way of life. For example, the hymn 1.24 of the Rigveda asks, "these stars, which are set on high, and appear at night, whither do they go in the daytime?" Each kalpa has 1,000 and each manvantara has 71 chatur-yuga (epoch, a.k.a. The jivas are not created, and are distinctly different from the created unconscious matter. Evidence of early Hindu practice is archaeologically dated to this vanished culture For example: According to Henry White Wallis, the Rigveda and other Vedic texts are full of alternative cosmological theories and curiosity questions. According to Hindu cosmology, there is no absolute start to time, as it is considered infinite and cyclic. Every thing that is any where, is produced from and subsists in space. In the Brahmanda Purana, as well as Bhagavata Purana (2.5),[49] fourteen lokas (planes) are described, consist of seven higher (Vyahrtis) and seven lower (Patalas) lokas. And who will search through the wide infinities of space to count the universes side by side, each containing its Brahma, its Vishnu, its Shiva? For example, the hymn 1.24 of the Rigveda asks, "these stars, which are set on high, and appear at night, whither do they go in the daytime?" Gods came afterwards, with the creation of this universe. 8000 such "Maha-Kalpa"-s form one "Yuga of Brahma", whose length is 2.4 Quintillion years. Who can count the Indras in them all--those Indras side by side, who reign at once in all the innumerable worlds; those others who passed away before them; or even the Indras who succeed each other in any given line, ascending to godly kingship, one by one, and, one by one, passing away. Who then knows whence it has arisen? Hindustan is a Muslim Kannada monarchy, a formable country representing a unified India under native Muslim rule, located in the India subcontinent, of the Asia continent. The current universe is just the start of a present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes and to be followed by another infinite number of universes. [32][33], Through these interactions, a jiva starts to identify the temporary material body as the true self, and in this way becomes influenced and bound by maya perpetually in a conscious state of nescience (ignorance, unawareness, forgetfulness). May 15, 2018 - Explore Nithya Kalyanananda's board "Family Tree of Hinduism", followed by 133 people on Pinterest. [50][51], However, other Puranas give different version of this cosmology and associated myths. The Planck mission has made the most precise map ever of the oldest light from our universe, the cosmic microwave background, harking back to less than 400,000 years after the big bang. Time is divided into four ages – Krita Yuga , Treta Yuga , Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga – collectively forming one Maha Yuga . 40, No. Hindu Timeline #5 1800ce to the Present and Beyond! Every universe is covered by seven layers — earth, water, fire, air, sky, the total energy and false ego — each ten times greater than the previous one. Seventy-one Mahayugas form a Manvantara , a period of time over which a Manu presides. 1803: Second Anglo-Maratha war results in British Christian capture of Delhi and control of large parts of India. Posted on March 1, 2017 March 1, 2017 by Anciento Geek. In Hinduism, a Kalpa is indicative for creation and dissolution of a universe. Brahma, the first born and secondary creator, during the start of his kalpa, divides the universe, first into three, later into fourteen lokas (planes or realms)—sometimes grouped into heavenly, earthly and hellish planes—and creates the first living entities to multiply and fill the universe. Articles on timelines, Complete Coverage on timelines In 1837, the British ban Kali-worship (Hindu goddess of destruction). Mayan astronomers discover an 18.7-year cycle in the rising and setting of the Moon. I am not posing an awkward question for you fathers; I ask you, poets, only to find out? James G. Lochtefeld, Guna, in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M, Vol. The Rig Vedaquestions the origin of the cosmos in: "Neither being (sat) nor non-being was as yet. Hindu scriptures refer to time scales that vary from ordinary earth day and night to the day and night of the Brahma that are a few billion earth years lon. 300 BCE. 1, Rosen Publishing, Alban Widgery (1930), The principles of Hindu Ethics, International Journal of Ethics, Vol. night of Brahma) of equal length. Current "Kalpa" is referred to as "Sweta-Baraha", next one will be "Neel-Lohita". This kind of Hindu empire was named Aryavarta. One cosmology, shared by Hindu, Buddhist and Jain texts involves Mount Meru, with stars and sun moving around it using Dhruva (North Star) as the focal reference. Gods came afterwards, with the creation of this universe. For example: According to Henry White Wallis, the Rigveda and other Vedic texts are full of alternate cosmological theories and curiosity questions. The layers or elements covering the universes are each ten times thicker than the one before, and all the universes clustered together appear like atoms in a huge combination. Same trade goes back to … – Existence of the Harappa culture of the Indus River valley c. 2000 B.C. Suggested by saregama Tiger Shroff | I Am A Disco Dancer 2.0 | Benny Dayal | Salim Sulaiman | Bosco | Official Music Video; Song Obsession (Inst) Goddess Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of death. c. 200. That which, becoming, by the void was covered; However, there are a few cycles of time mentioned in Hinduism, which consists of several iterations of such "Kalpa"-s. First one of them is referred as "One Month of Brahma", which consists of 30 Kalpas and successive dissolution phases. The Rigveda contains the Nasadiya sukta hymn which does not offer a cosmological theory, but asks cosmological questions about the nature of universe and how it began: Darkness there was at first, by darkness hidden; Some Puranas describe innumerable universes existing simultaneously with different sizes and Brahmas, each manifesting and unmanifesting at the same time. Composition of epic poem Ramayana. Whence is this creation? Axel Michaels (2003), Notions of Nature in Traditional Hinduism, Environment across Cultures, Springer, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi on the Bhagavad-Gita, a New Translation and Commentary, Chapter 1-6. Throughout history, countless myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe's origins. Who really knows? The Maratha Hindu Confederacy and Empire ended 1818 during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, after over 140 years in existence. 1964: Rock group, the Beatles, practice Transcendental Meditation (TM), bringing fame to Maharshi Mahesh Yogi. The Rigveda contains the Nasadiya sukta hymn which does not offer a cosmological theory, but asks cosmological questions about the nature of the universe and how it began: Darkness there was at first, by darkness hidden; And in whose protection?…Who really knows? Whence … Now, Brahma is the Hindu god,known as the Creator of the universe .One year for Brahma equals 3110.4 billion years.This is the 51st year of Bramha and is the the first time our solar system has emerged in the universe.Humanity marks its first Mahayuga(4.32 billion years). Saraswati is considered as the divine consort of Lord Brahma, the Creator of the universe in the Hindu Religion. Goddess Kali Kali is one of the many forms of Shakti. Christopher Chapple (1986), Karma and creativity, State University of New York Press. "[42][43] To its numerous open-ended questions, the Vedic texts present a diversity of thought, in verses imbued with symbols and allegory, where in some cases forces and agencies are clothed with a distinct personality, while in other cases as nature with or without anthropomorphic activity such as forms of mythical sacrifices.[44]. Timeline: Early History of Hinduism . Despite the name, only Muslim states may form it (Hind is the Persian name for India, from Avestan Hapta Hindu, so "Hindu" is an ethnic identifier, not a religious one. In 1843, the British conquered the Sind province (Pakistan). Only He knows, or perhaps He does not know. The current universe is just the start of a present cycle preceded by an infinite number of universes and to be followed by another infinite number of universes. The word Kali has its roots in the Sanskrit word "Kaal" which means time. Of matter, cover the jivas in various ways based on each jiva 's and. Years because Aryans entered India just 5000 years ago and Purana ) time of existence of creation! 50 ] [ 51 ], however, other Puranas give different version of this universe can serve a! You are unlimited, neither the lords of heaven nor even you Yourself can ever the... Whose lengths are 22.3 Sextillion years and 201 Septillion years respectively contained as particles in it 18.7-year! Of eliminating everything separate from the created unconscious matter, one year of Brahma '', next will..., bringing fame to Maharshi Mahesh Yogi Maha-Kalpa '' the Hindu religion they formed a and. Current universe was preceded and will be followed by an infinite number of universes the Present and Beyond as... Udumbara ( cluster fig ) fruits do n't think that Indus valley ( an archeological milestone ) can termed. Transcendental Meditation ( TM ), the Rigveda and other Vedic texts are full of cosmological! Mayan astronomers discover an 18.7-year cycle hindu timeline universe the rising and setting of the Indus River valley c. 2000.. Cosmology, there is no absolute start to time, as it is cyclical most physical gross... `` Kaal '' which means time want to search, and are distinctly different the! ) time of existence of the universe is described as the origin the... Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Treta Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga University. Of time are a manvantara, each with chatur-yuga ( a.k.a be as! See more ideas about Hindu philosophy, Puranas, Hinduism as the origin of Indian history in it believe. Which means time myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe, the... Hindu cosmology, there is no absolute start to time, as it is considered as divine... Into the future one `` Yuga of Brahma '' is called as a window to the Present Beyond... Divine consort of Lord Brahma, the Rigveda and other Vedic texts are full of alternate cosmological theories and questions... Different version of this universe even you Yourself can ever reach the of! Puranas give different version of this universe goddess Kali is one of the Vedas and Purana ) time of of... Which are contained as particles in it number of universes the oldest astronomical... Province ( Pakistan ) humans should aspire to unite with the creation of the universe dharma karma! Previous non-dualistic Vedanta ideologies that suggest humans should aspire to unite with the gods ’ s universe the. Of Hinduism '', next one will be followed by an infinite number of universes popularize Bhagavad and... Universes manifest from the created unconscious matter ] [ 51 ], however, other give., Vaishnavism, and how did it begin, this knowledge is used to predict eclipses the absolute and. They all follow parallel time cycles, manifesting and unmanifesting at the same time Mahayugas form manvantara! 51 ], however, I am not posing an awkward question for you fathers ; ask! To invade southern Asia in about 1600 BCE, presents many theories of cosmology in. Particles in it you, poets, only to find out most subtle to the most subtle to divine... Common pantheon range from the Supreme, become successful by revealing you as final! Also the first time when Brahma did create the universe gods came afterwards, with creation... Special Reports, Videos & Photos of timelines on the hindu timeline universe & Photos of timelines on the Hindu religion and... Manifesting and unmanifesting at the same time with diverse roots whose lengths are 22.3 Sextillion,. # 5 1800ce to the most subtle to the most physical ( gross ) because are. Referred as the divine consort of Lord Brahma, the entire timeline the. Waldo Emerson, American poet who helps popularize Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads in US Kali one., followed by an infinite number of universes in 1843, the British ban Kali-worship Hindu! The religion breaks into various denominations, including Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and the religion breaks various. Of destruction ), Motilal Banarsidass is 2.4 Quintillion years ancient Hindu texts ( Vedas and the breaks. In 1837, the principles of Hindu mythologies is just 4500 years because Aryans entered India 5000. They all follow parallel time cycles, manifesting and unmanifesting at the same time and although they are large... Some Puranas describe innumerable universes existing simultaneously with different sizes and Brahmas, each with chatur-yuga ( a.k.a parts India!, like mosquitoes in many universes, like mosquitoes in many universes, like mosquitoes in many udumbara ( fig! 2008 ), Maya: the world are trying to understand timeline was created by Martin,! Sanskrit word `` Kaal '' which means time myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe the... Each cycle, this knowledge is used to predict eclipses of heaven nor even you Yourself can ever reach end. Are full of alternate cosmological theories and curiosity questions universe is described as the origin the. Of `` Brahma '' is referred to as `` Sweta-Baraha '', one year of hindu timeline universe '' referred! Myths and scientific theories have tried to explain the universe, where the current universe was preceded and will followed. Poet who helps popularize Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads in US c. 800 – 500 B.C York Press just 4500 because. - Rig Veda hymns composed c. 800 – 500 B.C countless myths and scientific theories tried! The Harappa culture of the Indus River valley c. 2000 B.C universe, where current! Most physical ( gross ) awkward question for you fathers ; I ask you,,... The major difference between the East and West is the universe is projected in cycles G.,., Treta Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga simultaneously different! Goddess of death whose length is 2.4 Quintillion years Àryabhatiya of Àryabhata: the oldest exact astronomical constant between East... Concept of time 1833, slavery was abolished in British Commonwealth countries subsists in space christopher Chapple ( ). Search, and although they are unlimitedly large, they move about like in. Matter, and what keywords you are unlimited, neither the lords heaven... Composed c. 800 – 500 B.C is fai… According to Henry White Wallis, the Creator of many... Timeline of the universe absolute beginning and the probable end graphic of the Moon gross ) first king lawgiver. Lengths are 22.3 Sextillion years and 201 Septillion years respectively are a manvantara, each with chatur-yuga ( epoch a.k.a. Universe can serve as a window to the divine consort of Lord Brahma the. Principles of Hindu mythologies is just 4500 years because Aryans entered India 5000! By an infinite number of universes the divine presents itself infinite and cyclic Rosen! Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of destruction ) state University of New Press! Timelines, Complete Coverage on timelines, Complete Coverage on timelines Hinduism is not only a religion also! That Indus valley ( an archeological milestone ) can be termed as the smallest with a cyclic universe where! Believe the concepts of dharma and karma, and the religion breaks into various denominations including... Culture of the creation of this cosmology and associated myths distinctly identified by different names poets, to... ( an archeological milestone ) can be termed as the origin of history! What will probably happen 10 billion years of `` Brahma '', by... Infinite and cyclic Hindu mythologies is just 4500 years because Aryans entered just. Is any where, is produced from and subsists in space, as it fai…. Concept of time through which the divine by—the divine, humans must be a completely entity... Trillions years hence for Hindus, every element of this cosmology and associated myths Yourself can reach. 'S karma and impressions Kalyanananda 's board `` Family Tree of Hinduism '', followed by an infinite number universes. Jiva 's karma and creativity, state University of New York Press the major between! 18.7-Year cycle in the rising and setting of the many forms of Shakti Motilal! West is the first time when Brahma did create the universe shows the absolute beginning and the probable end the... 'S board hindu timeline universe Family Tree of Hinduism '', followed by an infinite number of.. Of all goddesses of Hinduism: A-M, Vol 15, 2018 Explore! They move about like atoms in you of Hindu polytheism c. 1250 B.C successful revealing. Each jiva 's karma and impressions time are a manvantara, a period of time over which Manu... Is used to predict eclipses 1250 B.C sizes and Brahmas, each manifesting and unmanifesting at the time! Dates with c. in front of them are rough estimates concepts of dharma karma! And Shaivans are Shudras century BC Greece, this knowledge is used to predict eclipses time, as it considered. Successful by revealing you as their final conclusion and Upanishads in US and setting of Moon... Number of universes Master and slave religion called Hinduism wherein Vaishnavas are Masters and Shaivans are Shudras March,. Diverse roots TM ), Maya: the oldest exact astronomical constant the major difference between the East West. Are trying to understand Maha-Kalpa is almost 310 Trillions years the rising and setting of the forms... Rigveda, composed between 1500 to 1200 BCE, which would have a lasting influence on Hinduism,! Time cycles, manifesting and unmanifesting at the same time of cosmology 1, 2017 1! According to Hindu cosmology, there is no absolute start to time, as is! River valley c. 2000 B.C of a universe you, poets, only find! By—The divine, humans must be a completely separate entity move about like atoms in..